The Family

Family History

A short description of our DNA that covers the last 500 years

Where we are from in the last 500 years or so.

  • 65% of our ancestry comes from Great Britain, with outliers from Scotland, France and the Netherlands
  • 14% is from Western Europe. Germany, France, Netherlands, Austria and Switzerland.
  • 10% Comes from Scandinavia. Sweden, Norway, Denmark and just a wee bit of Finland
  • 6% comes from Ireland
  • 2% Comes from Spain and the local Mediterranean areas
  • 2% comes from the Caucasus areas. That would be Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Turkmenistan, and Afghanistan.

You may well ask how can there be bleed over from one area to the other. It is a good question. Remember, those of our English ancestors also had Scottish, French and Dutch ancestors themselves. We pick that up in our DNA. Our Caucasus DNA is slightly deeper and more on Mom's side than Dad's. Remember the path out of Africa passed through the middle east on their way to Europe, Mediterranean, Russia and beyond.

Dad's family is much more on the side of Denmark, Germany, French, Netherlands and Sweden.

Our deep ancestry is shown on the VanHorn and Bostick pages.

2/20/2016

A Family Lesson On History

We are a vast family. To partially illustrate that, right now on Ancestry.com, we have as of Dec 20 2017, 18027 relatives in our family tree. We also have 229 people who live today, that that can be directly documented as to having the same ancestors we have at some point in our tree. Which simply means, that our mutual family trees can be used to show we both have the same ancestors.

The rest of the relatives have to be compared to our trees to try and find the relationship. For example, lets say that our and someone else’s tree show we share Benjamin VanHorn as a relative. That is a direct match. A non-direct match may be Benjamin VanHorn’s brother has children that we indirectly match with others. Those are the relatives that I, and the other family’s try to search out to match. It is a time consuming process. In some cases, Ancestry DNA does the match for us.

At the same time, consider Benjamin’s brothers and sisters families. We both share the DNA from their grandfather. And for every son or daughter that brother had, we add thousands of people to our family indirectly. And those people had family’s that other people call ancestors. So, we are related to hundreds of thousands of people. The wife of our first VanHorn relative, Fytje Sophia Brouwer, was born into a family of over 20 children. We indirectly carry that DNA in our family, as do the children of those 20 brothers and sisters. Their children, our relatives, since the 1670’s have to be numerous beyond imagination. So it is easy to see we are related to most everyone in so many degrees.

Another example of our history, on the Bostick Linage page, if you look at the Bostick history we are a direct relative of Hugh Bostock (1045 - 1112). Consider that Hugh’s children had children, and those children had children, and so on indefinitely. It basically means we have hundreds and hundreds of thousands of relatives that we will never hear of, read about or could ever keep up with in a family tree. It also means that we have no idea if the person you pass on the street has the same ancestry as you.  Through both VanHorn’s and the Bostick’s we have relatives right in Lapeer that we had no idea they are related.

As a further example, I obtained Kims DNA record. Her ancestry is Chinese and Vietnamese. This tells us that when our relatives came out of Africa, some headed straight up to Mongolia. On that journey some of her line turned right and went into upper China. At the same time, her relatives that came out of Africa also went through India, across Myanmar(Burma), and up through Vietnam into China. Now you may wonder what the point of all this is, and here it is. While Kim has DNA matches in Asia, she has far more matches in the South West with American Indians who have tested at Ancestry.  So, the fact is, her DNA traveled from Africa, all the way up through Russia, across the land bridge into Alaska, and down to what is now the American South West.

And that is what our DNA has done.  Up from Africa, Into Saudi Arabia, and then across lower Europe into Italy during the ice ages, then on up into Spain, France, Scandinavia, Poland, Germany and Russia. Moms DNA is more Middle Eastern, on up to Russia and across into Europe. Dad’s DNA is more French, German and Scandinavian.

The DNA that you see at the beginning of this page, is where we have been for the last 500 years. Before we could easily travel from Europe to the Americas.  That DNA tells us that we are primarily from the UK. This will be explained elsewhere. We will also have a page that separates Mom and Dad’s deepest ancestry, out of Africa.

L3 And The Ladies

Every woman born or alive today for the last 60,000 years belongs to the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), haplogroup called L3.  Originally there was on hapalog named L, who gave birth birth to L1, L2,L3,L4 and L5. All of those existed only in Africa except for L3 which survived to move out into Europe, Asia and on eventually to the American continent.

From the Bostick DNA page:

  The common direct maternal ancestor to all women alive today was born in East Africa around 180,000 years ago. Dubbed “Mitochondrial Eve” by the popular press, she represents the root of the human family tree. Eve gave rise to two descendant lineages known as L0 and L1’2’3’4’5’6, characterized by a different set of genetic mutations their members carry.

  Current genetic data indicates that indigenous people belonging to these groups are found exclusively in Africa. This means that, because all humans have a common female ancestor, and because the genetic data shows that Africans are the oldest groups on the planet, we know our species originated there.

  Eventually, L1’2’3’4’5’6 gave rise to L3 in East Africa. It is a similar story: an individual underwent a mutation to her mitochondrial DNA, which was passed onto her children. The children were successful, and their descendants ultimately broke away from L1’2’3’4’5’6, eventually separating into a new group called L3.

Some facts concerning L3:

Although fossil remains show that anatomically modern humans dispersed out of Africa into the Near East 100 to 130 ka, genetic evidence from extant populations has suggested that non-Africans descend primarily from a single successful later migration. Within the human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) tree, haplogroup L3 encompasses not only many sub-Saharan Africans but also all ancient non-African lineages, and its age therefore provides an upper bound for the dispersal out of Africa. An analysis of 369 complete African L3 sequences places this maximum at 70 ka, virtually ruling out a successful exit before 74 ka, the date of the Toba volcanic super eruption in Sumatra. The similarity of the age of L3 to its two non-African daughter haplo-groups, M and N, suggests that the same process was likely responsible for both the L3 expansion in Eastern Africa and the dispersal of a small group of modern humans out of Africa to settle the rest of the world. The timing of the expansion of L3 suggests a link to improved climatic conditions after 70 ka in Eastern and Central Africa rather than to symbolically mediated behavior, which evidently arose considerably earlier. The L3 mtDNA pool within Africa suggests a migration from Eastern Africa to Central Africa 60 to 35 ka and major migrations in the immediate post glacial again linked to climate. The largest population size increase seen in the L3 data is 3-4 ka in Central Africa, corresponding to Bantu expansions, leading diverse L3 lineages to spread into Eastern and Southern Africa in the last 3-2 ka. 1

ka = Kilo annum, or 1000 years

1 The Expansion of mtDNA Haplogroup L3 within and out of Africa.

William Brewster & The Mayflower

Ordinarily this post would be under the Bostick family page, but this is one of the most important people in our family. William Brewster was one of the leaders of the separatists that came across on the Mayflower.

William Brewster was our 11th great-grandfather from our Bostick side. He was an elder amongst the Puritans and their spiritual leader. He was the leader of the Puritans once they landed until his death in 1644. He died at a place called Duxbury at the Plymouth colony.

In fact, when the separatists split off from the Anglican church, William Brewster was the head of that organization now called the Separatists. He was their leader when they went to the Netherlands. Once there, they found that their children were losing touch with their English roots, and also they were not able to make a living in the Netherlands. That is when they approached a ship’s captain about passage to the New World.  There were 102 people on the Mayflower including the crew. 37 of them were the separatists which included William Brewster, and the rest were tradesmen and people who just wanted adventure. The separatists called themselves Saints, and then they called the rest of the people Strangers. Eventually both groups came to be known by the word Pilgrims.

There is much more to his story then can be written here and there will be an attachment at the end of this article.

Once he arrived at the Plymouth colony, he also became an advisor to Governor William Bradford. In case you are thinking that the pilgrims who came here were the first people here, they were far from it. Had they landed where they had planned to land, you never would’ve heard a thing about them. One of the reasons that they wrote the Mayflower Compact was that they were not under the government of New London because they missed where they were supposed to land.  They landed at Cape Cod, not Plymouth Rock

there is a tremendous amount of information on William Brewster if you care to do the research. He was a very important person starting with the beginning of the separatist movement, to the move to the Netherlands, and then the move from the Netherlands to the New World. Along the way they were arrested for not following the Anglican church laws. But eventually they were allowed to leave.

William Brewster was born in 1566, most probably in Scrooby, Nottinghamshire, England.  He died on Apr. 10, 1644, Duxbury Plymouth County Massachusetts, USA

Pilgrim colonist, leader and preacher
Elder William Brewster came from Scrooby, in north Nottinghamshire and reached what became the Plymouth Colony in the Mayflower in 1620. He was accompanied by his wife, Mary Brewster, and his sons, Love Brewster and Wrestling Brewster. The town of Brewster, Barnstable, MA was incorporated Febr 19, 1803 and was named for Elder William Brewster. A large part of the inhabitants being his descendants

William Brewster attended Peterhouse College, Cambridge 1580-1583; was postmaster and baliff-receiver at Scrooby, England 1590-1607. Organized Scrooby congregation 1606-1609; removed his family to Amsterdam and later to Leyden, Holland where he tutored 1609-1616 and was ruling Elder 1616-1619. He was in flight and hiding in England in 1619-1620 while arranging passage for the Sainets to New England. William, his wife and two youngest sons arrived Plymouth via the Mayflower in 1620. At Plymouth, William was Ruling Elder until 1643. He was also purchaser 1626; Undertaker 1627-1641

Biography compiled by William L. DeCoursey, GSMD #68501, a descendant of William Brewster.

William BREWSTER, son of William and Mary (SMYTHE) BREWSTER of Scrooby, England, was born in January 1563/4. He was regarded as leader of the Pilgrims at Scrooby (near Sherwood Forest), where his father became bailiff of the Manor of Scrooby in 1675, and was later appointed postmaster by Queen Elizabeth. In 1580, William Brewster (1563-1644) matriculated at Peterhouse College, in Cambridge, where it is believed he acquired his earliest Separatist ideas. The Separatists held the view that “the worship of the English Church is flat idolatry; that we admit into our Church persons unsanctified; that our preachers have no lawful calling; that our government is ungodly; that no bishop or preacher preacheth Christ sincerely and truly; that the people of every parish ought to choose their bishop, and that every elder, though he be no doctor nor pastor, is a bishop; that set prayer is blasphemous.” These were radical views, which struck at the very roots of the government established English church. In Cambridge William BREWSTER joined the Separatist “underground” teachers and students who militantly refused to attend the compulsory services in the state-controlled churches. After competing his studies at Cambridge, William BREWSTER (Jr.) was employed by Puritan, Sir William DAVISON, Secretary of State to Queen Elizabeth and her personal envoy to Holland. William BREWSTER accompanied DAVISON, as his personal aide, to Holland, during the war with Spain. When the Netherlands surrendered their “cautionary towns” to Elizabeth, the keys of these towns were entrusted by DAVISON to the custody of BREWSTER. William BREWSTER visited the Netherlands in 1584 and again in 1585/86, returning to Scrooby in 1588 after the disgrace of DAVISON, which followed the execution of Mary STUART.

William BREWSTER (Jr.) married, ca.1585, to Mary—?—, her maiden surname unknown.. William BREWSTER had children: William, Edward, Jonathan BREWSTER (1593-1659) m. (1)—?—and m. (2) Lucretia OLDHAM; Love BREWSTER (1595-1651) m.1634 Sarah, dau. William COLLIER; Wrestling BREWSTER; Patience BREWSTER m.1624 Gov. Thomas PRENCE; and Fear BREWSTER (1606-1634) m.1626 Isaac ALLERTON.

Regarding the possible identity of William Brewster’s wife, Mary, John G. Hunt in the January 1965 issue of THE AMERICAN GENEALOGIST, v.41, pp.1-5,63, presents circumstantial evidence that William BREWSTER’s wife was Mary WENTWORTH, dau. of Thomas and Grace (GASCOIGNE) WENTWORTH. The evidence has not been accepted as conclusive, however.

In 1587, Thomas COPE/COPP presented the Presbyterian “Book of Discipline” to Parliament, and offered a bill for its enactment into law. For this offense he, together with Peter WENTWORTH, another Puritan, who then stood up for freedom of speech, was committed to the Tower by order of Queen Elizabeth. - (Note: Some say that Elder William BREWSTER, of the Mayflower, married, ca.1585, to Mary WENTWORTH, dau. of Thomas and Grace (GASCOIGNE) WENTWORTH. The Peter WENTWORTH who was condemned to the Tower, perhaps was a brother or cousin of Mary BREWSTER.)

(According to Marshall GARDNER of Yuma, Arizona, William BREWSTER married Mary LOVE. No evidence given.)
Until more evidence becomes available, all that can be said is that William Brewster’s wife was “Mary”, maiden name unknown.

In 1587, Queen Elizabeth, in an effort to conceal her own complicity in the death of Mary STUART Queen of Scots, ordered her Secretary of State, William DAVISON, to trial for supposedly concealing Mary STUART’s death warrant among other papers he presented to Elizabeth for her signature. (He was the scape-goat.) He was found guilty, fined and thrown into prison. Queen Elizabeth immediately pardoned Davison, and revoked the fine, and restored his position and title, but unable to face him, she exiled him from the court along with his entourage, including his aide, William BREWSTER.

William BREWSTER [Jr.], upon receiving news of the illness of his father, William BREWSTER, Sr., , returned to Scrooby in early 1589. Upon the death of the Senior William BREWSTER, Sir William DAVISON recommended his former aide, William BREWSTER (Jr.), for the bailiff and postmaster positions previously held by BREWSTER’s deceased father. During his father’s illness, young BREWSTER served more than eighteen months as his father’s deputy. On 22 August 1590, a letter was sent from Mr. John STANHOPE to Sir William DAVISON, Queen Elizabeth’s secretary. Mr. STANHOPE sent his regrets that he could not comply with DAVISON’s request. On the death of old BRUSTER, one Samuel REVERCOTES wrote to STANHOPE for the place of postmaster at SCROOBY, and STANHOPE had complied. He stated his reasons for not conferring the place on young BRUSTER, who had served in that place for his father, old BRUSTER. Secretary DAVISON returned the letter with notes in his own hand in defense of young BREWSTER, and pointed out that since, young BREWSTER had held the positions for over a year-and-a-half during his fathers illness, that he should be allowed to continue. Secretary DAVISON apparently was persuasive and/or able to use his influence. BREWSTER got the positions, which he held until he departed for Holland in 1609.

Parliament, in 1593, forbade the Separatists to hold their own services. Anyone who refused to attend church for forty days, and who went instead to private meetings “contrary to the laws and statutes of this realm [and] being thereof lawfully convicted, shall be committed to prison, there to remain without bail or mainprise, until they shall confirm and yield themselves to come to some church.”

In the 1593 Parliament, the speaker, Edward COKE, presented the usual petition to the queen, asking for liberty of speech for freedom from arrest, and for access to her majesty. For answer he was told that privilege of speech was granted, but it consisted in saying “yea” or “no;” and that members of Parliament could have access to her majesty at times convenient, and when she was at leisure from other important causes of the realm. Considering this a sharp rebuff, Peter WENTWORTH again shocked Parliament and the Queen by bringing in a bill for settling the succession to the crown, and again he was promptly committed to the Tower. Parliament, in 1593, forbade the Separatists to hold their own services. Anyone who refused to attend church for forty days, and who went instead to private meetings “contrary to the laws and statutes of this realm [and] being thereof lawfully convicted, shall be committed to prison, there to remain without bail or mainprise, until they shall confirm and yield themselves to come to some church.”

A church court was in session in 1597 to consider simony charges against James BREWSTER, vicar of Sutton cum Launde, Nottinghamshire. Before the Rev. Mr. John BENET, L.L.D., “appeared William BREWSTER, gen., brother of the aforesaid James BREWSTER, cleric, which William gave assent to the findings of the court, by which the salary of said cleric was to be withheld.”

As early as 1606, a Separatist congregation was formed in Scrooby, which met in the manor house where William BREWSTER lived. “After they were joined together into communion he was a special stay and help unto them. They ordinarily met at his house on the Lord’s Day, which was a Manor of the Bishop’s [the Archbishop of York]; and with great love he entertained them when they came, making provision for them, to his great charge, and continued to do so, whilst they could stay in England.” William BREWSTER was dismissed from his postmaster position at Scrooby, in 1607, because of his Separatist activities.

The Puritan persecution intensified under James I, and William BREWSTER, William BRADFORD and other Scrooby Separatists, at last decided to escape to Holland. “In Autumn 1607, those who had not yet been arrested and thrown into prison resolved to smuggle themselves out of the country. Packing their personal belongings and led by their pastor, Richard CLIFTON, the Separatists set out for the port of Boston, Lincolnshire, England (sixty miles from Scrooby). At Boston, they were betrayed by the captain of the ship that was to have transported them; their goods were ransacked; and they were imprisoned for a month or more. BREWSTER, BRADFORD, and CLIFTON were the last to be set free having served about a year in the prison at Boston, England.

“On 1 December 1607, William Brewster of Scrooby was cited before the High Court of Commission on information that he was a Brownist and disobedient in matters of religion. He was fined 20 pounds.” (And apparently he went to prison in addition to the fine.)

A diary entry of 1608 reads, “Seeing themselves thus molested, and that there was no hope of their continuance there, by a joynte consente they resolved to go into the Low Countries, where they heard was freedome of Religion for all men.” Their exile to a new and foreign land was not easy. “The ports and havens were shut against them. So as they were fain to seek secret means of conveyance; and to bribe and fee the mariners, and give extra-ordinary rates for their passages. And yet were they often-times betrayed, many of them; and both they and their goods intercepted and surprised, and thereby put to great trouble and charge.”

In 1608, another attempt was made by the Separatists to escape to Holland. They were pursued, and in their haste to avoid capture or worse, many of the men were separated from their wives, and families. The women left behind in England were arrested, but their captors, not knowing how to dispose of these women whose only crime was wanting to join their husbands, released them. The families gradually re-united in Holland and settled first in Amsterdam and in 1609 at Leiden, Holland.

In February 1609 permission was granted by the Burgomasters of Leyden, Holland for 150 persons, or thereabouts, to re-settle in Leyden, “provided such persons behave themselves and obey the laws and ordinances. Elder William BREWSTER removed to Leiden, Holland, where he was chosen a ruling elder in the new church. He, at first, made a living as “ribbon maker” in a silk factory, but, as an educated man, he soon was able to earn money by teaching. “His outward condition was mended, and he lived well and plentifully. For he fell into a way, by reason he had the Latin tongue, to teach many students who had a desire to learn the English tongue, to teach them English; and by his method they quickly attained it with great facility; for he drew Rules to learn it by, after the Latin manner. And many Gentlemen, both Danes and Germans, resorted to him, as they had time from other studies; some of them being Great Men’s sons.”

Elder William BREWSTER, aged about forty-two years, came before the aldermen at Leiden, Holland, 12 June 1609 (eight days before the burial of an un-named child of William BREWSTER), as guardian of Ann PECK, native of Launde (near Scrooby, England), when they granted to Thomas SIMKINSON, merchant of Hull (he probably was son of John and Mary (SMYTHE) SYMKINSON and half-brother of Elder William BREWSTER), the power to received seven pounds sterling that Ann PECK had left in the hands of William WATKIN, pastor of Clarborough (six miles south-east of Scrooby) when she left England.

Ann PECK and her brother Robert PECK were wards of William BREWSTER. That they were William BREWSTER’s neice and nephew is apparent, for it seems that their parents were Robert and Prudence (BREWSTER) PECK of Everton (about two miles east of Scrooby); which Robert PECK, in his will dated 1598, proved at York the same year, named wife Prudence and left his daughter Ann seven pounds, six shillings, eight pence.

The register of St. Pancras church, Leyden, records the burial on Saturday, 20 June 1609, of a child of William BREWSTER. The age and sex of the child are not specified. (Comment - It might be reasonable to assume that the “child of William BREWSTER” who was buried, 20 June 1609, was Prudence (BREWSTER) PECK, dau. of William BREWSTER, Sr. and wife of Robert PECK, since her brother, Elder William BREWSTER appeared in court eight days earlier as guardian of Prudence’s minor daughter, Ann PECK.) -

On 25 June 1609, Elder William BREWSTER, aged about forty-two (other records would make him closer to 45), Mary BREWSTER, about forty, and their son Jonathan, sixteen, appeared in Dutch Court to testify as witnesses in behalf of a merchant of Amsterdam who had a dispute with a supplier of cloth. Their residence was in the “stinckteech” in Leiden on the “Pieterskerkhof,” in the little colony of houses on the estate of John ROBINSON.

In 1611, the Separatists congregation purchased an estate at Leiden, where they lived and worshiped.

In 1616, William BREWSTER, with the aid of John REYNOLDS, a master printer from London and his 22-year-old assistant Edward WINSLOW, printed several anonymous Puritan pamphlets and books, that were smuggled into England for sale there. The publishing house (an extension on the rear of William BREWSTER’s house which faced the Stincksteeg, or Stink Alley) was financed by his young friend, Thomas BREWER. King James’s government regarded these publications as treasonable; and the English ambassador to Holland insisted that the Dutch authorities imprison Thomas BREWER. William BREWSTER had to go into hiding to avoid arrest, and the printing equipment was seized and impounded.

In 1619, the twelve years truce between Spain and Holland was about to expire, and Holland was again menaced by talk of war. The Pilgrims were living as exiles in poor circumstances, in a strange land that might turn into a bloody battleground. They could not return to England, but wanted to find a place that they could raise their families as English away from foreign influence. They looked to America. Elder William BREWSTER was chosen their leader, and while he was in England petitioning the Virginia Company of London, for a land patent and passage to the New World, an order for his arrest went out at the instance of the English ambassador in Holland; however he escaped.

On Friday, 31 July, 1620, William BREWSTER, his wife, his sons, Love and Wrestling and two boys “bound out” to him, Richard MORE and his brother, left Leyden along with other Pilgrims for Delfshaven on the Maas River. They boarded the “Speedwell” there and sailed the next day, and after a quick passage to Southampton, England they met the “Mayflower.” The rest of the BREWSTER children, including son, Jonathan, remained behind in Holland and came over afterwards. The two vessels set sail on 5 August, 1620; but after covering about 150 miles, the “Speedwell” was reported to be leaking, and both vessels put in at Dartmouth. There it was decided that the “Mayflower” was to make the voyage alone, and it’s final departure was from Plymouth on Wednesday, 6 September, 1620. There were 102 passengers aboard. William BREWSTER was the fourth signer of the Mayflower Compact, 11 November 1620 O.S.

A Strange Relationship

The story of a person from Ancestry.com, that is related to us from BOTH sides of the family.

We have a DNA match to the family, that is related to us from both sides of the family. Her Ancestry name is enciniasj82.

First, she is related to us through David Hubbard, who comes to us from the Hunt side of Dad’s family. We are related by Mr Hubbard’s son Hezekiah, and enciniasj82 is related through Mr Hubbard’s daughter Hannah. David Hubbard is our 7th great-grandfather.

Secondly, she is related to us through Obadiah Baily.  Obadiah is our 6th great-grandfather. We are related to him through his daughter Temperance who married into the Sholes family, that leads to the Reeds. enciniasj82 is related through Obadiah’s son Obadiah.

Other names we share in common

And lastly, we are related through Lieut. Richard Lord. He is our 7th Great-Grandfather. Our side of the family comes from his son Judge Richard Lord.  Her side of the family comes from Richard’s daughter Deborah Lord. The Lord family on our side eventually through marriage leads to the Reed family.

All three of the families are represented in the VanHorn and Bostick linages pages if you wish to view their progression down to the Reeds, Bostick’s, Clay and VanHorn’s.

This is a good example of how we are tied to thousands of people through family lines, by our DNA. I think we have 2 other people who are related to us in at least 2 ways, but this is the only one I have found that crosses both families.